Steroid topikal

Transdermal patches can be a very precise time released method of delivering a drug. Cutting a patch in half might affect the dose delivered. The release of the active component from a transdermal delivery system (patch) may be controlled by diffusion through the adhesive which covers the whole patch, by diffusion through a membrane which may only have adhesive on the patch rim or drug release may be controlled by release from a polymer matrix. Cutting a patch might cause rapid dehydration of the base of the medicine and affect the rate of diffusion.

 

  • Hepatitis B (3rd dose)
 
  • Hepatitis B (3rd dose)
  At 12 months
  • MMR
  • MMR
  • MMR
At 18 months
  • DTaP-IPV//Hib  (booster)
  • DTaP-IPV//Hib  (booster)
6 – 12 months after completed  DTaP-IPV//Hib 3rd dose
  • DTaP-IPV//Hib  (booster)
  • DTaP-IPV//Hib  (booster)
Only DT Vaccine to be given for children is 7 more than 7 years old. For the subsequent dose please refer table 1 Immunisation Schedule Suggested immunisation schedule for vaccines not listed in National Immunisation Program

Intravenously administered glucocorticoids , such as prednisone , are the standard of care in acute GvHD [7] and chronic GVHD. [24] The use of these glucocorticoids is designed to suppress the T-cell-mediated immune onslaught on the host tissues; however, in high doses, this immune-suppression raises the risk of infections and cancer relapse. Therefore, it is desirable to taper off the post-transplant high-level steroid doses to lower levels, at which point the appearance of mild GVHD may be welcome, especially in HLA mis-matched patients, as it is typically associated with a graft-versus-tumor effect. [ citation needed ] . Cyclosporine and tacrolimus are inhibitors of calcineurin. Both substances are structurally different but have the same mechanism of action. Cyclosporin binds to the cytosolic protein Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase A (known as cyclophilin), while tacrolimus binds to the cytosolic protein Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase FKBP12. These complexes inhibit calcineurin, block dephosphorylation of the transcription factor NFAT of activated T-cells and its translocation into the nucleus [25] . Standard prophylaxis involves the use of cyclosporine for six months with methotrexate. Cyclosporin levels should be maintained above 200 ng/ml [26] . Other substances that have been studied for GvHD prophylaxis include, for example: sirolism, pentostatin and alemtuzamab [27] .

Steroid topikal

steroid topikal

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