There are many surgical and interventional options for severe causes of arthritis and joint pain. The most common and recommended methods to treating arthritis are conservative alternative therapy provided by a pain specialist. Staying active and participating in physical therapy as well as taking NSAIDs or acetaminophen (Tylenol) have also proven to be beneficial. Physical therapy has been noted to significantly improve the postural stability in hip OA patients (Giemza 2007). Also, intra-articular joint injections are rapidly gaining popularity and use in the treatment for arthritis because of their success, minimally-invasive nature, and long-acting effects.
Knowledge of how to give cattle injections or shots, be it sub-subcutaneously (SQ; under the skin), intramuscularly (IM; directly into the blood supply of the muscle), or intravenously (IV; directly into the vein, usually the jugular vein), is very important in order to be able to vaccinate or treat cattle with vaccines or medicines, respectively. A cow, bull, heifer, steer or calf does not have to be sick in order to be given an injection, many cattle that are perfect healthy are required to get injections or shots for annual vaccinations or booster shots.