Brassinosteroids in plants

BR might reveal to have a prominent interest in the role of horticultural crops. Based on extensive research BR has the ability to improve the quantity and quality of horticultural crops and protect plants against many stresses that can be present in the local environment. [16] [17] With the many advances in technology dealing with the synthesis of more stable synthetic analogues and the genetic manipulation of cellular BR activity, using BR in the production of horticultural crops has become a more practical and hopeful strategy for improving crop yields and success. [16]

The role of brassinosteroids (BRs) in plant function has been intensively studied in the last few years. Mutant analysis has demonstrated that the ability to synthesize, perceive and respond to BRs is essential to normal plant growth and development. Several key elements of BR response have been identified using both genetic and biochemical approaches, and molecular models that parallel Wingless (Wnt), transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) and receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signalling in animals have been proposed. Many studies have demonstrated the role of BRs, alone and in interaction with other plant hormones, in processes such as cell elongation and seed germination. In contrast, little is known about how the sensing of BRs is connected to specific physiological responses such as stress resistance. There remain many open questions about how these connections are made.

Brassinosteroids in plants

brassinosteroids in plants

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