Burke, D. A., et al. "Incidence Rates and Populations at Risk for Spinal Cord Injury: A Regional Study." Spinal Cord 39 5 (2001): 274-278. National Center for Biotechnology Information . National Library of Medicine. 2 Mar. 2009 <http:///pubmed/11438844>. DeLee, Jesse, and David Drez, eds. "Cervical Spine." DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Philadelphia: . Saunders, 2003. 791-840. Leahy, Michael, and Mark Rahm. "Thoracic Spine Fractures and Dislocation." eMedicine . Eds. Lee H. Riley, et al. 12 Dec. 2007. Medscape. 2 Mar. 2009 <http:///article/1267029-overview>. Leventhal, Martin R., and . "Fractures, Dislocations, and Fracture-Dislocations of Spine." Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 10th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, Inc., 2003. 1597-1714. Source: Medical Disability Advisor
Endoscopic sympathectomy itself is relatively easy to perform; however, accessing the nerve tissue in the chest cavity by conventional surgical methods was difficult, painful, and spawned several different approaches in the past. The posterior approach was developed in 1908, and required resection (sawing off) of ribs. A supraclavicular (above the collar-bone) approach was developed in 1935, which was less painful than the posterior, but was more prone to damaging delicate nerves and blood vessels . Because of these difficulties, and because of disabling sequelae associated with sympathetic denervation, conventional or "open" sympathectomy was never a popular procedure, although it continued to be practiced for hyperhidrosis, Raynaud's disease , and various psychiatric disorders. With the brief popularization of lobotomy in the 1940s, sympathectomy fell out of favor as a form of psychosurgery .
A cure? Read about L4/5 S1. No cure just good management practices. Sorry but I have heard no one ever recovering from degenerative disk disease – just a slow and bumpy decline. Exercise, keep moving and never give up but do yourself a favour and forget CURE. Learn MANAGEMENT. Any surgeon will tell you the knife “cures” very few but can remobilise severe spine problems….broken, badly impinged nerves ect. Diskeptomy only if impingement is severe. So learn, learn. learn and manage best you can. (that is the best advice I can muster and applies to all but a few on this page, and those few unfortunately can be operated on but success long term is fickle to say the least but it will enable them some degree of life. We (not severe) must manage our pain and live our lives because believe me 20 years I have been searching for a cure and my life is gone…I have to start all over at 40 because I wasted so much time and effort trying to get better. I am sorry but I dont want to see anyone else end up like me…alone, in pain, not working and wasting away slowely. Live your life and accept it (the pains) before it consumes you and all those around you.